Vascular Closure Devices
The Vascular closure devices or VCDs, as they are commonly called, has introduced an innovative means to improve the condition in patients. It provides them with comfort and also accelerates the ambulation after invasive cardiovascular procedures carried out through the femoral arterial access.
However the most sensitive and complicated task of closure is accessing the artery and then making the small incision in the femoral artery to carry out the cardiovascular procedures. The incision is required after the completion of a cardiovascular procedure. It requires the use of special devices known as the vascular closure devices. This closure device is mostly used to close the hole and achieve hemostasis of the puncture made in the artery under the endovascular surgery which required Catherization.
Catherization, under a cardiovascular procedure is a diagnostic process which aims at identifying the diseased vessel, to perform the angioplasty and perform stent placement and ultimate the coronary Thrombectomy. During this procedure a small incision is made in the groin and then puncturing a hole in the femoral artery to access the artery and perform the subsequent procedures.
The Vascular closure devices or VCDs aid in speedy hemostatis after the successful completion of a surgery. It also reduces and most of the time avoids any possible complications at the access site. The quick closure reduces the ambulation time, which results in early discharge from the hospital. This is quite a significant achievement.
Before the innovative invention of the VCDs, the femoral artery was to be closed manually by applying manual pressure up to 30 minutes. This manual pressure was applied by using mechanical clamps directly on the groin of the patient. The process was painful and required up to 8 hours of bed rest in the hospital.
The Vascular Closure Devices was introduced in the early 1990s as an effort to reduce the time of hemostatis and initiating early ambulation which in turn improves the conditions for the patients undergoing. Initially the procedure involved the use of suture and collagen plugs to form the closure of the hole. However, these techniques unfortunately had components left behind in the artery which later on created complications. They also failed to ease the pain.
This recent technique has brought an end to the painful tale; they are effective and much improvised procedures. The use of Polyethylene glycol as a vascular closure devices is excellent choice since it dissolves in a much shorter time. The expanded use of VCDs look to be much cost-effective and demonstrated reduction in complications and reduction in pain which in turn leads to an early and comfortable recovery.